What is Polyethylene Resin? Properties, Function, History, Types, Advantages & Disadvantages

by | Resin

Polyethylene (PE) is a resin crafted from petroleum and one of the most common thermoplastics in the world. Polyethylene Resin is especially flexible and resistant to steam, moisture, scratches, and plenty of chemical substances, making it a totally common material for packaging applications.

Let’s learn what is Polyethylene Resin, its Definition, Properties, Function, History, Types, Advantages, Disadvantages, and the difference between Epoxy Resin and Polyethylene Resin.

What is Polyethylene Resin?

Polyethylene (PE) resins are thermoplastic polymers because of this they will be shaped with heat and re-melted without dropping their intrinsic traits. 

Thermoplastics fluctuate in this manner from thermosets, which undergo everlasting change after hardening. Thermoplastics are commonly recyclable because of this. 

Different thermoplastics encompass polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene, polycarbonate (laptop), acrylic, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polypropylene (PP), polyamide (PA), and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). 

Properties of Polyethylene Resin

Polyethylene resins are classified into 3 fundamental groups: low density (LDPE), excessive density (HDPE), and extremely-high molecular weight (UHMW-PE). 

LDPE is used for making plastic shopping bags, for instance; HDPE, for drain pipes; and, UHMW-PE for clinical gadgets. higher crystalline structures have better service temperatures.

LDPE is high-quality described as low strength but fairly ductile therefore permitting it to stretch without breaking. It is famous for the expansion of packaging applications from squeeze bottles to sealing films. 

HDPE has better strength but lower ductility, making it beneficial for products that need to retain their shape including garbage cans. HDPE stays serviceable at -60°C. UHMW-PE is very sturdy, with strength-to-weight ratios approaching that of a few plates of steel. 

Having excessive resistance to abrasion, it is appropriate for unique applications which include the timing screws and star wheels of bottling machines, the wear pads of artificial joints, and so on.

Like many thermoplastics, polyethylene resins conveniently soak up moisture. They do not generally require special drying regimes previous to injection molding or other processing.

The material in its natural shape is normally white or black and turns translucent when thinned to the size of milk bottles and so forth. Suppliers can modify the system to grow tear strength, transparency, formability, printability, and so on., as needed to fit the application at hand.

Applications of Polyethylene Resin

The low cost of LDPE makes it convenient.  The good sealing and protective traits make it very famous for packaging films. Like polypropylene, it is frequently used in enclosure applications that require living hinges.

General use of it is blow-molded milk and water jugs. Both LDPE and HDPE may be thermoformed, blow-molded, injection-molded, and so on. 

UHMW-PE, due to its excessive molecular weight, can’t go with the flow as a liquid and have to be shaped with other strategies including extruding or compression molding.

Polyethylene machines are convenient and are frequently used as an alternative for metal components. 

In its high-molecular-weight form, it is frequently implemented in gadget components where high abrasion is present including the manual rails for conveying devices. Other regular applications encompass backup anvils for rotary slitting knives and as slicing-board surfaces. 

The material is available in common shapes along with sheets, rounds, and bars. Little has been accomplished with polyethylene in the realm of 3-D printing – when polyethylene is meant as a production material, and rapid prototyping needed will generally be completed using ABS.

With coefficients of expansion of almost ten times that of steel, polymers, in general, require special strategies in machining in particular in terms of maintaining close tolerances. Polyethylene isn’t any exception to this rule.

When used as a wear surface, an excellent practice is to automatically fasten UHMW-PE because the polymer no longer bonds nicely with adhesive. 

Massively different coefficients of expansions for polymers and numerous metals have to additionally be taken into consideration in any assembly design.

Polyethylene sheeting is not unusual in the production industry where it is used for moisture obstacles, such as drop cloths, and so on.

Physical Attributes of Polyethylene Resin

Polyethylene consists of a single monomer, ethylene, making it a homopolymer. 

UHMW-PE features constantly in temperatures as excessive as eighty°C and will resist intermittent exposure to temperatures close to ninety five°C. 

The material additionally has appropriate operational traits in the lower temperature areas.

Prices of Polyethylene Resin

Polyethylene is more luxurious than polypropylene – the most inexpensive of the thermoplastics – through the 2 proportions have many applications.

UHMW-PE is available in many unique grades, along with bearing grade, ceramic stuffed, FDA approved, excessive temperature, and steel detectable, to name a few.


Polyethylene Resins can be bought in pellet shape for molding and extruding, both as new and as regrind. 

It is available as bendy and semi-inflexible film for packaging, in sheet-shaped for thermoforming, and numerous extruded shapes consisting of rounds and bars.

I believe you have got a clear concept about the Polyethylene Resin Definition, Properties, Function, History, Types, Advantages, Disadvantages, and the difference between Epoxy Resin and Polyethylene Resin.


  1. www.thomasnet.com
  2. www.specialchem.com
  3. www.britannica.com

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